Τρίτη, 19 Μαρτίου 2019

Critical Care Medicine

Center Effects in Hospital Mortality of Critically Ill Patients With Hematologic Malignancies
Objectives: We aimed to investigate center effects on hospital mortality of ICU patients with hematologic malignancies and to explore interactions between center and patients characteristics. Design: Multicenter prospective cohort. Setting: Seventeen ICUs across France and Belgium. Patients: One-thousand eleven patients with hematologic malignancies hospitalized in ICUs. Interventions: Reanalysis of the original data using state-of-the-art statistical methods with permutation...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Original Intracerebral Hemorrhage Score for the Prediction of Short-Term Mortality in Cerebral Hemorrhage: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Objectives: To systematically assess the discrimination and calibration of the Intracerebral Hemorrhage score for prediction of short-term mortality in intracerebral hemorrhage patients and to study its determinants using heterogeneity analysis. Data Sources: PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and CENTRAL from inception to September 15, 2018. Study Selection: Adult studies validating the Intracerebral Hemorrhage score for mortality prediction in nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Health Insurance and Out-of-Pocket Costs in the Last Year of Life Among Decedents Utilizing the ICU
Objectives: Use of intensive care is increasing in the United States and may be associated with high financial burden on patients and their families near the end of life. Our objective was to estimate out-of-pocket costs in the last year of life for individuals who required intensive care in the months prior to death and examine how these costs vary by insurance coverage. Design: Observational cohort study using seven waves of post-death interview data (2002–2014). Participants: Decedents...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation: A Novel Method of Resuscitation for Hemorrhagic Shock
Objectives: To determine if trigeminal nerve stimulation can ameliorate the consequences of acute blood loss and improve survival after severe hemorrhagic shock. Design: Animal study. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: Male Sprague-Dawley rats. Interventions: Severe hemorrhagic shock was induced in rats by withdrawing blood until the mean arterial blood pressure reached 27 ± 1 mm Hg for the first 5 minutes and then maintained at 27 ± 2 mm Hg for 30 minutes....
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Outcomes of Cancer Patients Discharged From ICU After a Decision to Forgo Life-Sustaining Therapies
Objectives: Many cancer patients are admitted to an ICU and decisions to forgo life-sustaining therapies are frequent during ICU stay. A significant proportion of these patients are subsequently discharged from ICU, but their outcomes are unknown. Design: Retrospective. Setting: ICU of oncological hospital. Patients: Adult cancer patients admitted to ICU, then with a decision to forgo life-sustaining therapies and that were discharged from ICU. Interventions: None. Measurements...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Prognostic Value of Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Patients With Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Objectives: Biomarkers have been suggested as potential prognostic predictors following a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury but their prognostic accuracy is still uncertain. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the ability of the glial fibrillary acidic protein to predict prognosis in patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, and BIOSIS electronic databases and conference abstracts, bibliographies of selected studies,...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Cardiac Arrest and Subsequent Hospitalization–Induced Posttraumatic Stress Is Associated With 1-Year Risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events and All-Cause Mortality
Objectives: To compare 1-year all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events in cardiac arrest survivors with and without posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology at hospital discharge. Design: Prospective, observational cohort. Setting: ICUs at a tertiary-care center. Patients: Adults with return of spontaneous circulation after in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between September 2015 and September 2017. A consecutive sample of survivors with sufficient...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Tue Mar 19, 2019 02:00
Nebulized Amikacin and Fosfomycin for Severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pneumonia: An Experimental Study
Objectives: Latest trials failed to confirm merits of nebulized amikacin for critically ill patients with nosocomial pneumonia. We studied various nebulized and IV antibiotic regimens in a porcine model of severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia, resistant to amikacin, fosfomycin, and susceptible to meropenem. Design: Prospective randomized animal study. Setting: Animal Research, University of Barcelona, Spain. Subjects: Thirty female pigs. Interventions: The animals were randomized...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Effect of Documenting Prognosis on the Information Provided to ICU Proxies: A Randomized Trial
Objectives: The Critical Care Choosing Wisely Task Force recommends that intensivists offer patients at high risk for death or severe functional impairment the option of pursuing care focused on comfort. We tested the a priori hypothesis that intensivists who are prompted to document patient prognosis are more likely to disclose prognosis and offer comfort-focused care. Design: Randomized controlled trial (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02721810). Setting: High-fidelity Simulation Center in...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Transfusion-Associated Circulatory Overload in ICUs: A Scoping Review of Incidence, Risk Factors, and Outcomes
Transfusion-associated circulatory overload is the most frequent serious adverse transfusion reaction, with an incidence close to 1% of transfused patients in the general adult population. Patients in ICUs are probably more at risk of transfusion-associated circulatory overload as they are more frequently transfused and associated with more comorbidities. However, the epidemiology of transfusion-associated circulatory overload in ICU is not well characterized, leading to a risk of underdiagnosis. ...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Effect of Neurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist on Patient-Ventilator Interaction in Mechanically Ventilated Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Objectives: Patient-ventilator asynchrony is common among critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation and has been associated with adverse outcomes. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist is a ventilatory mode that may lead to improved patient-ventilator synchrony. We conducted a systematic review to determine the impact of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist on patient-ventilator asynchrony, other physiologic variables, and clinical outcomes in adult patients undergoing invasive...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Comparison of Two Techniques to Measure Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter in Patients at Risk for Increased Intracranial Pressure
Objectives: Intracranial pressure over 20 mm Hg is associated with poor neurologic prognosis, but measuring intracranial pressure directly requires an invasive procedure. Dilation of the optic nerve sheath on axial ultrasound of the eye has been correlated with elevated intracranial pressure, but optimal cutoffs have been inconsistent possibly related to the measurement technique. A coronal technique has been studied on healthy volunteers but not on patients with high intracranial pressure. We...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Acute Kidney Stress and Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury
Critical care physicians continue to be challenged to recognize an environment that has the potential to result in acute kidney injury, with its associated short- and long-term consequences. The recent development of cell cycle arrest biomarkers that signal the potential development of acute kidney injury is part of an evolution in the molecular diagnosis and understanding of acute kidney injury. A preinjury phase that may lead to acute kidney injury has been described as "acute kidney stress." This...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
High-Flow Oxygen Therapy After Noninvasive Ventilation Interruption in Patients Recovering From Hypercapnic Acute Respiratory Failure: A Physiological Crossover Trial
Objectives: Assessing gas exchange, diaphragm function, respiratory rate, and patient comfort during high-flow oxygen therapy and standard oxygen at the time of noninvasive ventilation discontinuation. Design: Randomized crossover physiologic study. Setting: Two ICUs. Patients: Thirty chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients with hypercapnic acute respiratory failure receiving noninvasive ventilation greater than 24 hours. Interventions: All patients underwent five 30-minute...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Fri Mar 15, 2019 02:00
Enhanced Renal Clearance in Patients With Hemorrhagic Stroke
Objectives: To evaluate enhanced renal clearance over time in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracerebral hemorrhage via measured creatinine clearance and to compare measured creatinine clearance to creatinine clearance calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation and estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Diseases equation. Design: Prospective, observational study. Setting: Neurosciences ICU in a tertiary care academic...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Wed Mar 13, 2019 02:00
Pro: Critical Care Ultrasound Should Be a Priority First-Line Assessment Tool in Neurocritical Care
No abstract available
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Wed Mar 13, 2019 02:00
Moderate-Intensity Insulin Therapy Is Associated With Reduced Length of Stay in Critically Ill Patients With Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State
Objectives: Insulin infusion therapy is commonly used in the hospital setting to manage diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Clinical evidence suggests both hypoglycemia and glycemic variability negatively impact patient outcomes. The hypothesis of this study was that moderate-intensity insulin therapy decreases hospital length of stay and prevalence of hypoglycemia in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Design: Pre-post study. ...
Critical Care Medicine - Published Ahead-of-Print
Thu Mar 07, 2019 02:00

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