Τετάρτη, 27 Ιανουαρίου 2016

The evolving role of nivolumab in non-small-cell lung cancer for second-line treatment: a new cornerstone for our treatment algorithms. Results from an International Experts Panel Meeting of the Italian Association of Thoracic Oncology

Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer worldwide that current has only a few available treatment options in patients with no driver mutations. The therapeutic options for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who progress after first-line chemotherapy have been limited from a long time. Docetaxel has remained a cornerstone of second-line treatment for more than 20 years, but it is associated with an unfavourable safety profile. Recently, the results from immunotherapy treatment with anti-PD1 and PD-L1 inhibitors has changed our current knowledge base and increased therapeutic options for patients with NSCLC in the second-line setting.

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The fa2 gene and molecular markers mapping in the gp segment of the Pisum linkage group V

Abstract

Review studies on the world Pisum genetic resources have shown that stem fasciation is controlled by three loci, i.e., fa1 (LGIV; Wt 10006 - type line of the Polish Gene Bank), fa2 (LGV, the line Wt 12185), and fas (LGIII, the line Shtambovii). Outstanding advantages of this character (e.g., pods gathered in upper part of a stem) resulted in breeding some cultivars. Preliminary investigations suggested linkages of the newly described fa2 gene within the gpU segment. Based on the further linkage test crosses, it was stated that the fa2 is localized between the gp and Pis_Gen_9_3_1 markers (in the LGV). Additionally, four molecular markers (AD175, AB146, AC58, and AD280) and the morphological marker lk were also localized in this segment. Moreover, rms5, lum3, and cri were found to map on the other side of gp with tight linkage observed between lum3 and cri.



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