Effect of varying computed tomography acquisition and reconstruction parameters on semi-automated clot volume quantification.
World J Radiol. 2018 Mar 28;10(3):24-29
Authors: Kaufman AE, Pruzan AN, Hsu C, Ramachandran S, Jacobi A, Fayad ZA, Mani V
AIM: To examine effects of computed tomography (CT) image acquisition/reconstruction parameters on clot volume quantification in vitro for research method validation purposes.
METHODS: This study was performed in conformance with HIPAA and IRB Regulations (March 2015-November 2016). A ten blood clot phantom was designed and scanned on a dual-energy CT scanner (SOMATOM Force, Siemens Healthcare GmBH, Erlangen, Germany) with varying pitch, iterative reconstruction, energy level and slice thickness. A range of clot and tube sizes were used in an attempt to replicate in vivo emboli found within central and segmental branches of the pulmonary arteries in patients with pulmonary emboli. Clot volume was the measured parameter and was analyzed by a single image analyst using a semi-automated region growing algorithm implemented in the FDA-approved Siemens syngo.via image analysis platform. Mixed model analysis was performed on the data.
RESULTS: On the acquisition side, the continuous factor of energy showed no statistically significant effect on absolute clot volume quantification (P = 0.9898). On the other hand, when considering the fixed factor of pitch, there were statistically significant differences in clot volume quantification (P < 0.0001). On the reconstruction side, with the continuous factor of reconstruction slice thickness no statistically significant effect on absolute clot volume quantification was demonstrated (P = 0.4500). Also on the reconstruction side, with the fixed factor of using iterative reconstructions there was also no statistically significant effect on absolute clot volume quantification (P = 0.3011). In addition, there was excellent R2 correlation between the scale-measured mass of the clots both with respect to the CT measured volumes and with respect to volumes measure by the water displacement method.
CONCLUSION: Aside from varying pitch, changing CT acquisition parameters and using iterative reconstructions had no significant impact on clot volume quantification with a semi-automated region growing algorithm.
PMID: 29599936 [PubMed]
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