Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
Dr Keshab Chandra Dhara, Dr Nita Ray, Prof Arunasish Goswami, Prof Prabir Kumar Bandopadhyay.
The socio- economic status of randomly selected five hundred ten goat farmers in and around Mohanpur village under Haringhata block in the Nadia district of West Bengal state revealed that women (62.75%) were mostly engaged in goat rearing. The majority of the goat owners were within the age group of 30- 45 and they were mostly marginal farmers (64.71%). The goat farmers were mixed in caste and most of them were Hindu by religion (68.63%). Most of the goat owners received training on animal husbandry. The caste, family size or farmers education had little impact on income generation but training on animal husbandry helped them to earn more. Thus the socio- economic status of the goat farmers mostly women can be uplifted through training particularly on goat husbandry. Hence the improvement of Black Bengal goat in the farmers house towards economic goat rearing and knowledge of scientific breeding practice has a potential for improving the livelihood of the poor farmers.
Σάββατο, 17 Σεπτεμβρίου 2016
Source: National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Seema Tanaji Methre, Nirmala Gopal Borade, Tanaji Sambhaji Methre.
Background: Stress is a complex dynamic process of interaction between a person and his or her own life. Medical education is perceived as being stressful and characterized by many psychological changes in students. Aims and Objectives: To assess stress and explore the differences and correlates of perceived stress among MBBS, BDS, and BPTh first-year students of Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study involving first-year undergraduate students of MBBS, BDS, and BPTh courses. A semi-structured questionnaire developed by Cohen et al. with satisfactory internal consistency and construct validity was used. Unpaired t-test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Mean perceived stress scale (PSS) score of female students of MBBS (22 ± 5.96) was higher compared to male students of MBBS (19 ± 6.56) with P = 0.0009**. In total, mean PSS score of female students (20.77 ± 6.54) was higher compared to male students (19.07 ± 6.12) with P = 0.01*. Percentage of females in the high-stress category was more in medical, dental, and physiotherapy with χ2 = 51.405 with 6 degrees of freedom, P = 0.000***. Conclusion: Significant number of the students felt stressful. Females were more stressful when compared to males.
Incidence of intracranial haemorrhage in low-birth weight infants and its outcome: a hospital based prospective study
Source: International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
Rajesh Debbarma, Asim De, Sanjib Debbarma.
Background: Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most important neurological complications in low birth weight (LBW) infants, especially in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the neonatal period. The objectives of the present study was to determine the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage among the low birth weight infants (
Analysis of drug prescribing trends in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis at a tertiary care hospital, Karnataka
Source: International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology
Dharani Devangi Ranganath, Deeptangshu Ganguly, Manjunatha Shankarappa, Kokila Bengaluru Nagaraj, Rajasekhar Chintha.
Background: This study proposes compilation, analysis of pattern, trend, rationality and frequency of use of drugs in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with emphasis on available treatment regimens inclusive of primary and adjunctive therapy. Methods: The study records relevant data obtained from medical case records of patients suffering from RA above 15 years age excluding pregnancy and other arthritis, attending orthopedic OPD at KVGMC, Sullia (D.K), Karnataka, prospectively for a period of 15-18 months starting from December 2013 to June 2015. Results: 217 patients suffering from RA were analyzed and recorded. RA was more common among the age group of 45 to 50 with female predominance (64%). RF positivity was seen in 42% cases. Out of 11 classes of drugs prescribed DMARDs (249), corticosteroids (225) and analgesics (217) played major role in treatment outcome. Non-biological DMARDs (94%) were more commonly prescribed, of which methotrexate (120) & hydroxychloroquine (128) were frequently administered. Very few patients received biological DMARDs like etanercept and infliximab. Both oral and IV preparations of corticosteroids were administered. Among the adjuvant group of drugs NSAIDs (130), opioids (53), Muscle relaxants (33), pregabalin (26), sedative/hypnotics (102) nutritional supplements (214), anti-gastric (201), antiemetics (13), anti-histamines (4) were prescribed accordingly. Treatment outcome was assessed at the end of 15 months and 163 patients were relieved from symptoms but no remission but there was significant association between treatment outcome and duration of treatment with DMARDs. Conclusions: The treatment outcome and the duration of illness have significantly improved with rational use of DMARDs. Thus the study highlights and creates awareness on rational use of therapeutic agents available for treatment of RA and provides feedback to the prescriber.
Source: International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology
Nithya Karnam, Jayakumar J.K., Supriya, Revanaswamy.
Background: Pain is an unpleasant sensation and is the most primitive of all senses. It is a major symptom in many medical conditions and can significantly interfere with a person's quality of life and general functioning. Analgesics like opioids and NSAIDS are used to treat pain but due to their side effects on long term use it is necessary to develop a compound with reduced side effects. Hence the present study was focused on screening of novel compound of novel compound 2-(4-nitrophenylimino)-N-cyclohexyl-4,5 diphenylfuran-3- carboxamide (AMSM-2(a-k) for analgesic activity in mice. Methods: The analgesic activity of test compound AMSM-2(a-k) at different doses (5 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg) was evaluated by using Eddys hot plate for determining central analgesic activity using morphine (5 mg/kg) as standard drug, acetic acid induced writhing test for peripheral analgesic activity and formalin induced writhing test to evaluate both central and peripheral analgesic activity using aspirin as standard drug (300 mg/kg). The percentages of inhibition of writhings were calculated for acetic acid and formalin induced pain model. The statistical analysis was done using one way ANOVA followed by Dunnetts test. All values with P
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