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! # Ola via Alexandros G.Sfakianakis on Inoreader

Τρίτη, 29 Νοεμβρίου 2016

Effect of laser acupuncture in mild benign hypertensive female patients

2016-11-29T16-49-37Z
Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
Mohamed K. Seyam, Ghada M. Shawky.
Background: Recent studies have found that acupuncture treatments lower blood pressure. Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical technique of inserting needles at particular points on the body to balance the opposing forces of yin and yang and the smooth flow of qi. Laser acupoint technique is considers as saving time because it is performed in less time than needles acupuncture. Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the effect of laser acupuncture on lowering the primary type of hypertension in old female adults. Materials and Methods: Thirty female mild hypertensive patients with ranged age 50-59 years were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure evaluated by Mercury sphygmomanometer. Baseline blood pressure measured for each subject prior to the initiation of the treatment and after enrolled in of treatment program. The anthropometric data including age, duration of hypertension, height, weight and body mass index (BMI) was collected for both experimental and six weeks control groups. Results: after treating hypertension patients by the laser acupuncture for 6 weeks (twice per week session), both the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased significantly (P

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Effect of Recasting of Ni-Cr Base Metal Dental Casting Alloys on the Corrosion Rate, Compositional Changes and Ion Release in Artificial Saliva and Saline Solution

2016-11-29T16-49-37Z
Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
K Jayaprakash, K Harish Kumar Shetty, A Nityananda Shetty, Bantarahalli Thopegowda Nandish, Sowmya Rao.
Background: Environmental concerns are increasing rapidly, and the industry and public are more concerned about natural resources and recycling. Today, it is equally important to take into account cost, ecological factors in production and recycling of materials used in various fields. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate corrosion rate, compositional changes and ion release of recasted Ni-Cr dental casting alloy Materials and Methods: Commercially available Ni -Cr alloy (Bellabond) was used in the study. The recasting was done without any addition of new alloys and recasted up to six times. Corrosion rate was determined by Tafel extrapolation method in artificial saliva in pH 2.3, 6.7 and in 0.9% saline solution at pH 7.3. The compositional changes were studied by Inductively coupled Plasma Atomic emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) method. Ion release during storage in artificial saliva and saline solution for one week and four weeks was detected by using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Results: The corrosion rate was found slightly increased with recasting numbers up to six times. The quantities of ions released increased as the recasting number increases. These changes were not clinically significant. During recasting procedure, there was a change in their alloy compositions, which increases the corrosion rate in recasted alloys. Conclusion: The recasting technique can be accepted in dental practices. This study showed the possibilities of safe usage of recasted alloys up to certain generations in dentistry and in later stages if it is not suitable for dentistry it can be directed to other fields of industries, where the biocompatibility is not a major requirement. This lowers the environmental burden, health hazards and protects imbalance of natural resources.


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Appraise the Health-Related Quality of Life among Trauma Patients

2016-11-29T16-49-37Z
Source: International Journal of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IJHRS)
Ravi Kant Jain, Neelesh Dhadse, Chirag Sethi, Ravindra Kumar, Susmit Kosta.
Background: Limb injures is revolve a life-changing event that can cause significant disruptions in many important areas of life. Objectives: The objective of our study was to appraise the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and psychosocial factors associated with pain and disability in patients following Upper limb (UL) and lower limb (LL) trauma patients Materials and methods: A sample of convenience 300 adult male and female patients who met the inclusion criteria was included. A short form (36) health status questionnaire was filled by a single author from each patient after one year of follow up. This part was utilized to assess the QOL among limbs traumas patients. Results: Intraclass correlation coefficients were greater than 0.7 in five of the eight domains of SF 36 except mental health, social function and general health. Chronbachs α was higher the 0.8 all the domains except in social function domain. There was no difference in Health Related Quality of Life in patients with upper and lower limb trauma. However there was significant difference in 4 domains related to physical components of SF 36 survey form between male and females. Conclusion: Both upper and lower limb trauma similarly affects the Health Related Quality of Life in all age group of patients.


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An epidemiological study on tobacco use in urban Shimoga, Karnataka

2016-11-29T07-29-39Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Kanchana Nagendra, Mangala Belur, Nandini C.
Background: Tobacco is commonly smoked or chewed or inhaled. Smoking is a leading cause of many non-communicable diseases (NCDs) as well as has significant adverse effects on pregnancy. About 1.3 billion people worldwide smoke, and the number of smokers continues to rise. More than 40% of the worlds smokers live in just two countries, i.e. China and India. India only has around 10% of worlds smokers. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of use of different forms of tobacco in urban population of Shimoga. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban Shimoga study was conducted during February 1, 2016, to July 30, 2016, for 6 months. Data were collected from household members aged 15-64 years. The calculated sample size was 2000. Participants were interviewed using a pre-structured and pre-tested questionnaire adapted from the WHO Steps I and II, approaches for NCDs risk factors surveillance, after modifying to suit the local requirements (questions about tobacco use were considered for the study). Results: The prevalence of current smoking in the free-living population of urban city was 15.3%; among them, almost all subjects were daily smokers (prevalence - 15.2%). The prevalence of daily smoking habit was 30.1% among male users. The study revealed that 17.7% of the subjects were current oral tobacco users, while a few were former chewers (0.4%). Conclusion: This community based study demonstrated high prevalence of tobacco use among productive population of urban Shimoga.


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A community-based study on prevalence of hypertension in urban Shimoga, Karnataka

2016-11-29T07-29-39Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Kanchana Nagendra, Anirudh Krishna Menon, Mangala Belur, Nandini C.
Background: It is one of the major and independent risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, and cardiac and renal failure. The recent WHO report states that considering the prevalence of any diseases, hypertension ranks fourth in the world. Objectives: To assess the prevalence of hypertension in an urban population of Shivamogga. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Urban Shivamogga Study was conducted during February 1st to July 30th 2016 for 6 months. Data were collected from household members aged 15-64 years. The calculated sample size was 2000. Subjects were interviewed using a prestructured and pretested questionnaire adopted from WHO Steps I and II, approaches for NCD risk factors surveillance, after modifying to suit the local requirements (questions about hypertension were considered for study). Results: The prevalence of high blood pressure in the present study was 26.5%, which was more prevalent in males (27.6%) compared females (25.3%). History of hypertension in the present study was 12.05%. This is finding is consonance with a study conducted by Nath et al. Conclusion: This community-based study demonstrated high prevalence of Hypertension among productive population of urban Shivamogga.


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Occupational health status of construction workers: A review

2016-11-29T07-29-39Z
Source: International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health
Gourab Biswas, Arkajit Bhattacharya, Rina Bhattacharya.
In the development of a country, construction industry has a significant role. About 350 million people of the world are directly involved in this sector, and the number is growing at a fast rate in the cities. Due to several occupational health risks, this sector is placed top of the list according to workplace accidents and injuries. Workers of this sector expose several types of fatal occupational health hazards daily. Moreover, socioeconomically poor people, particularly from rural areas, are engaged in this sector. Research on occupational health is highly needed to give safety and awareness to the mason workers. Present work is a review of researches from the available published articles to get a broad spectrum of occupational health problems of construction workers. Standard databases are used to collect articles on occupation, health, and working environment. Musculoskeletal disorders are very common among the construction workers. Workplace injuries are mainly due to improper use of personal protective equipments.


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A Comparative Study Of Thoracic Epidural Anaesthesia Using Bupivacaine And General Anaesthesia For Elective Breast Surgeries.

2016-11-29T07-13-36Z
Source: The Southeast Asian Journal of Case Report and Review
Manoj Sahu, Ladhu Lakra, Usha Suwalka, Azzizul Haq.
Introduction And Aim: Major surgery induced profound physiological changes in the perioperative period, characterized by increases in sympathoadrenal and other neuroendocrine activity and also increased cytokine production. Because epidural anesthesia can attenuate this stress response to surgery, improve the quality of postoperative analgesia in comparison with systemic opioids, and hasten recovery of gut function, it has been suggested that conducting surgery under epidural anesthesia (either as the sole anesthetic or in combination with general anesthesia) may reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality compared with general anesthesia alone. This clinical study was therefore under taken to evaluate the usefulness of employing the thoracic segmental epidural blocks for various breast surgeries. Method: The study included 60 patients of elective breast surgeries of age group 20 to 60 years after approval from institutional ethic committee. Informed written consent from all patients was taken. After thorough pre anesthetic check up and premedication in 30 patients of group T Epidural catheter was inserted at T5-6 level and 10 CC of 0.25% bupivacaine were injected for all patients and in 30 patients of group G conventional general anesthesia were given. The parameter studied were 1.Intra operative hemodynamic changes 2. Post operative analgesia 3. Post operative side effects shivering, nausea and vomiting, backache and respiratory effect 4. Recovery time and 5. Duration of hospital stay. Result: Baseline demographic variables were similar in two groups. Intra operative hemodynamic changes were significant in early perioperative period in both groups. There was higher incidence of post operative side effects and intravenous analgesic requirement in group G compared to group T. Recovery time and duration of hospital stay were also higher in group G compared to group T. Conclusion: Thoracic epidural anesthesia compared to general anesthesia has different sets of intra operative hemodynamic changes. In both type of anesthesia this intra operative hemodynamic changes are easily manageable. Thoracic epidural has better postoperative outcome with much better post operative pain management which leads to decrease in recovery time and duration of hospital stay. So it can be considered that thoracic epidural anesthesia is better alternative for elective breast surgeries than general anesthesia.


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Risk perception and practice towards road traffic safety among medical students

2016-11-29T04-51-50Z
Source: International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Syed Hasan Nawaz Zaidi, Pandab Chandra Paul, Pankaj Mishra, Ankur Srivastav.
Background: Road traffic injuries are a major but neglected epidemic. WHO has declared road traffic accidents (RTA) as the number one cause of death among those aged 15-29 years. India has witnessed 31.3% of the road traffic deaths among 15 to 29 years individuals in the year 2011 as reported by national crime records bureau. This study is aimed to learn and study risk perception and practice of road safety measures among medical students. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students with an objective A 297 M.B.B.S. students were selected by convenient sampling technique. The study period was May-August, 2016. The information collected was analysed using SPSS version 16 & Microsoft excels 2007 software. Results: Majority of boys (82% and 98%) and girls (55% & 66%) had a satisfactory understanding of traffic rules and traffic signs & signals, respectively. While exploring on the helmet use, only 36% of girls were aware of its importance. About the factors responsible for the crash severity, participants showed a lesser concern to the seat-belts & child restraints (59% boys and 39% girls). Notably only 52% of male participants were in view that alcohol consumption sometimes increases the severity while driving. Conclusions: Abidance to road safety was not found satisfactory. Adequate interventions and reorientation training towards road safety need to be introduced among young drivers.


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Prevalence of intestinal parasites and its associated socio-demographic factors among the food handlers of Bagalkot city, Karnataka, India

2016-11-29T04-51-50Z
Source: International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
Waseem Anjum, Pavan S. Kalasker, Kurre Bhaskar.
Background: Growing urbanization and lifestyle changes lead people to dine away from home more often, contributing to the unregulated opening of eating establishments that often have inadequate hygiene conditions. Hence a study was undertaken to know prevalence and determinants of intestinal parasitic infections among food handlers of Bagalkot city, Karnataka, India. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among food handlers of 46 food establishments enlisted in Bagalkot hotel and refreshment association. A total of 266 food handlers were interviewed using proforma regarding socio-demographic data and personal hygiene followed by stool examination for intestinal parasites. Results: Out of 266 food handlers, 39 (14.7%) were tested positive for intestinal parasitic infections. Most common parasite isolated was A. Lumbricoides (5.3%) followed by E. Histolytica (1.5%), Giardia (1.5%), T. Solium (0.8%), T. Trichura (0.8%) and H. Nana (0.8%). Mixed infections constituted 4.1%.Female gender, rural residence and socio-economic status and personal hygiene was significantly associated with intestinal parasitic infections. Conclusions: Strict hygienic practices, complete treatment of infected persons and regular surveillance is important for controlling intestinal parasitic infections.


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Products based on olive oil, betaine, and xylitol in the post-radiotherapy xerostomia



Alexandros Sfakianakis
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