Sujata Das, Ruchipriya Samantaray, Aparajita Mallick, Srikant K Sahu, Savitri Sharma
Purpose: To report the distribution and trends of types of organisms and antibiotic susceptibility of the bacterial isolates obtained from patients with microbial keratitis. Methods: Microbiology records of culture-positive microbial keratitis that underwent a diagnostic corneal scraping and cultures were reviewed. Fungal, bacterial, and parasitic culture results and antibiotic susceptibility profile of bacteria were analyzed and comparisons were made between two halves of the study period (2007–2010 vs. 2011–2014). Results: A total of 3981 corneal scrapings were processed during the 8-year study period. Pathogen was recovered in culture in 1914 (48.1%) samples. Fungi, bacteria, and parasites constituted 38.7%, 60%, and 1.3% of the total isolates, respectively. The common fungal isolates were Aspergillus spp. (224/868, 25.8%) and Fusarium spp. (200/868, 23.0%), while common Gram-positive bacteria were Streptococcus pneumoniae (217/1125, 19.3%) and Staphylococcus aureus (185/1125, 16.4%), and common Gram-negative bacteria was Pseudomonas spp. (99/219, 45.2%). There was no significant difference in proportion of bacterial (P = 0.225) and fungal (P = 0.421) keratitis between the first half and second half of the study period. There was a significant increase in proportion of Gram-positive isolates (P = 0.015) [353/758 (46.6%) vs. 772/1482 (52.1%)] and decrease in proportion of Gram-negative organisms (P = 0.044) [88/758 (11.6%) vs. 131/1482 (8.8%)] in the recent years. In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility testing showed decrease in susceptibility to moxifloxacin for Pseudomonas spp. (P = 0.016) in recent years. Conclusion: Prevalence of fungal and bacterial keratitis has remained unchanged over the years. This study shows a significant increase in Gram-positive bacterial infection and decrease in Gram-negative bacterial infection of the cornea in the recent years.