A non-motile, pleomorphic rod-shaped or oval, red-pigmented (nearly scarlet), extremely halophilic archaeon, strain Y78T, was isolated from a salt deposit of Yunnan salt mine, China. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that it was phylogenetically related to species of the genus Halorubrum, with a close relationship to Halorubrum rutilum YJ-18-S1T (98.6%), Halorubrum yunnanense Q85T (98.3%), and Halorubrum lipolyticum 9-3T (98.1%). The temperature, NaCl, and pH ranges for growth were 25–50 °C, 12–30% (w/v), and 6.5–9.0, respectively. Mg2+ was required for growth. The polar lipids of strain Y78T were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, and a sulfated diglycosyl diether. The DNA G+C content was 66.6 mol%. DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain Y78T and two closely related species of the genus Halorubrum were far below 70%. Based on the data presented in this study, strain Y78T represents a novel species for which the name Halorubrum depositum sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is Y78T (= CGMCC 1.15456T = JCM 31272T).
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