|Bare area sign|
These four signs (the diaphragm sign, the displaced crus sign, the interface sign, and the bare area sign) are reliable when only one abnormal fluid collection is present.
Ascites or pleural effusion? CT and ultrasound differentiation. - NCBI
|The stalk-of-corn sign of ureter|
|Reply to letter to the editor: "clinical evaluation of ureteral pseudodiverticulosis"|
|Clinical evaluation of ureteral pseudodiverticulosis|
|The "hot air balloon" sign|
|Fadeout sign of liver|
|"Nodule-in-nodule" architecture of hepatocellular carcinoma|
|Imaging findings during and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors|
Imaging plays a key role in the assessment of patients before, during, and after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors. Intra-procedural and early post-procedure imaging with CT and MRI is vital to the assessment of technical success including adequacy of ablation zone coverage. Recognition of the normal expected post-procedure findings of hepatic cryoablation such as ice ball formation, hydrodissection, and the normal appearance of the ablation zone is crucial to be able to differentiate from complications including vascular, biliary, or non-target organ injury. Delayed imaging is essential for determination of clinical effectiveness and detection of unexpected findings such as residual unablated tumor and local tumor progression. The purpose of this article is to review the spectrum of expected and unexpected imaging findings that may occur during or after percutaneous cryoablation of hepatic tumors.
Differentiating expected from unexpected findings during and after hepatic cryoablation helps radiologists identify residual or recurrent tumor and detect procedure-related complications.
|Diagnosis of recurrent HCC: intraindividual comparison of gadoxetic acid MRI and extracellular contrast-enhanced MRI|
To compare the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with hepatobiliary agents (HBA-MRI) and MRI with extracellular contrast agents (ECA-MRI) for detection of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple treatments.
The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement for informed patient consent. A total of 135 patients with suspected HCC recurrence after 2–5 treatments (surgery, transarterial chemoembolization, and/or radiofrequency ablation) underwent both HBA-MRI and ECA-MRI within a 1 month interval. HBA-MRI and ECA-MRI were analyzed for HCC detection by two observers using a five-point scale. The diagnostic performances according to MRI modality were compared.
A total of 136 liver lesions (121 HCCs and 15 benign lesions; median size, 1.9 cm) were identified. ECA-MRI showed greater sensitivity (90.9% vs. 76.9% for observer 1; 91.7% vs. 78.5% for observer 2) and accuracy (91.2% vs. 78.7% for observer 1; 91.9% vs. 80.2% for observer 2) than HBA-MRI for both observers (P = 0.002, 0.003). Fifteen (12.4%) HCCs were correctly diagnosed with ECA-MRI but not with HBA-MRI by both observers. Interobserver agreement was excellent (0.885) for ECA-MRI and substantial (0.749) for HBA-MRI.
For detection of recurrent HCC, ECA-MRI was superior to HBA-MRI in terms of sensitivity and accuracy. Therefore, ECA-MRI could be the preferred imaging modality over HBA-MRI for assessing HCC recurrence following multiple treatments.
Κυριακή, 16 Ιουνίου 2019
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