Τετάρτη, 12 Ιουνίου 2019

Ear, Nose & Throat

Unethical Surgery
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 186-187, April-May 2019. 


Intratympanic Membrane Congenital Cholesteatoma Removal Using an Endoscopic System: A Case Report
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 188-189, April-May 2019. 


Endoscopic Finding of a Dentigerous Cyst
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 190-191, April-May 2019. 


Laryngeal Manifestation of Intranasal Acetaminophen Abuse and Review of Literature
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 192-194, April-May 2019. 


Hemorrhagic Thyroid Nodule Resulting in Expanding Neck Hematoma Following Blunt Cervical Trauma
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 195-196, April-May 2019. 


Aggressive Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Head and Neck Resulting in Massive Defects
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 197-200, April-May 2019. 


An Unusual Fungal Infection in the Masticator Space With Intracranial Extension in an Immunocompromised Patient
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 201-202, April-May 2019. 


An Incidental Mass on CT in an Otherwise Asymptomatic Patient With Heat Stroke
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 203-204, April-May 2019. 


Encapsulated Sinonasal Schwannoma
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 205-206, April-May 2019. 


Long-Term Effectiveness of Balloon Catheter Sinuplasty in Pediatric Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Volume 98, Issue 4, Page 207-211, April-May 2019. 
The objective of our study was to assess the long-term effectiveness of balloon catheter sinuplasty in the treatment of pediatric chronic maxillary sinusitis following failed first-line medical and surgical management with adenoidectomy. Pediatric patients younger than 12 years were reviewed for having failed previous adenoidectomy and undergone a balloon catheter sinuplasty between August 2006 and March 2011 for chronic rhinosinusitis. Demographic data and clinical characteristics were recorded in patients who met inclusion criteria. Outcomes were assessed by need for functional endoscopic sinus surgery and persistence of chronic infection within at least 5 years of follow-up. Failure was defined by any child who was rediagnosed with chronic sinus disease after balloon catheter sinuplasty or who required endoscopic sinus surgery within 5 years. Sixty-two children were reviewed, with 38 patients meeting inclusion criteria (prior adenoidectomy, a preoperative Lund-Mackay score of ≥5, and balloon catheter sinuplasty). The mean age (standard deviation) was 6.76 (2.27) years with an age range of 2 to 11 years. Eight children (21.1%, P < .01) continued to have chronic sinus complaints following balloon procedure, with 5 (13.1%) individuals requiring eventual endoscopic surgery within 5 years. Age, asthma, allergy, and gender did not have any statistically significant impact on outcome. Balloon catheter sinuplasty is an effective long-term alternative for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis in pediatric patients, hoping to avoid further infections and eventual endoscopic surgery.


Baseline Low Prognostic Nutritional Index Predicts Poor Survival in Locally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinomas Treated With Radical Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
Background:To retrospectively assess the impact of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on survival outcomes of patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).Methods:This study incorporated 154 patients with LA-NPC who received exclusive cisplatinum-based CCRT. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized for accessibility of pretreatment PNI cutoffs influencing survival results. The primary end point was the interaction between the overall survival (OS) and PNI values, while cancer-specific survival (CSS) locoregional progression-free survival (LR-PFS), distant metastasis–free survival (DMFS), and PFS were the secondary end points.Results:A rounded PNI cutoff value of 51 was identified in ROC curve analyses to exhibit significant link with CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS outcomes, but not LR-PFS. Patients grouping per PNI value (≥51 [N = 95] vs <51 [N = 49]) revealed that PNI < 51 group had significantly shorter median CSS (P < .001), OS (P < .001), DMFS (P < .001), and PFS (P < .001) times than the PNI ≥ 51 group, and the multivariate results confirmed the PNI < 51 as an independent predictor of poor outcomes for each end point (P < .05 for each). The unfavorable impact of the low PNI was also continued at 10-year time point with survival rates of 77.9% versus 42.4%, 73.6% versus 33.9%, 57.9% versus 27.1%, and 52.6% versus 23.7% for CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS, respectively. Additionally, we found that PNI < 51 was significantly associated with higher rates of weight loss >5% over past 6 months (49.2% versus 11.6%; P = .002) compared to PNI < 51 group.Conclusion:Low pre-CCRT PNI levels were independently associated with significantly reduced CSS, OS, DMFS, and PFS outcomes in patients with LA-NPC treated with definitive CCRT.


Rare Earth Metal Magnets: An Unusual Airway Foreign Body
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 


Nasal Polyps and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease—An Oft Overlooked Association
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 


Accidental Intubation of the Soft Palate
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 


Head and Neck Cancer Complications in the Geriatric Population Based on Hospital Case Volume
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
Objective:To determine whether surgical case volume is a predictive factor of surgical outcomes when managing geriatric patients with head andneck cancer.Methods:A cross-sectional study design was used. Data were obtainedfrom the Vizient Database, which included a total of 93 academicinstitutions. Men and women aged between 65 and 100 years undergoing head and neck cancer surgery during 2009 and 2012,excluding cases of thyroid cancer and skin cancer of the head and neck(n = 4544) were included in the study. Hospital case volume was definedas low (≤21 cases/year), moderate (22-49 cases/year), or high (≥50 cases/year). The frequency of comorbidities and complications wasmeasured by hospital case volume using a χ2 test. Significancewas determined with an α level of .05.Results:The largest number of head and neck cancer cases involving comorbidities (90.54%) and the highest rate of overall complications(27.50%) occurred in moderate case volume institutions compared to athe complication rate of 22.89% in low volume hospitals and 21.50% in highvolume hospitals (P < .0001). The most common comorbidities across all3 hospital case volumes included hypertension, metastatic cancer,and chronic pulmonary disease and the most common complicationsincluded hemorrhage/hematoma and postoperative pulmonarycompromise.Conclusion:With more geriatric patients requiring surgery for head andneck cancer, it would be beneficial to manage the more complex cases at high volume centers and to develop multidisciplinary teams to optimizecase management and minimize complications.


Traumatic Orbital Subperiosteal Hematoma With Acute Visual Compromise: Role of the Head and Neck Surgeon
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
The primary goal was to report our institutional experience of a rare, vision-threatening complication following craniomaxillofacial trauma. A retrospective review was performed between January 2016 and January 2018 to identify 3 patients with traumatic orbital subperiosteal hematoma (OSPH). Visual acuity, intraocular pressures (IOPs), and the need for surgical intervention were abstracted. The age range was 36 to 88 years. Indications for surgical intervention include relative afferent pupillary defect, gaze restriction, visual impairment, and elevated IOP. Preoperatively, IOP range was 15.0 to 25.0. Two patients required OSPH evacuation via a medial brow approach. Follow-up after ocular injury ranged from 25 to 41 days, with IOP range of 13.0 to 16.0. Traumatic OSPH is an uncommon clinical finding; prompt assessment with consideration of surgical intervention may mitigate deleterious long-term morbidity, chiefly sudden blindness. Further research efforts may elucidate the optimal method in the management of this complex clinical entity.


The Creation of a Sustainable Otolaryngology Department in Malawi
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
There is a significant lack of surgeons in the developing world. Malawi Africa is one of the poorest and medically underserved countries in the World, with surgical care particularly lacking. Providing surgical services has numerous barriers, such as availability of well-trained surgeons, infrastructure, continuity of care, and access to care. There is currently one otolaryngologist in Malawi who provides complete access to this subspecialty. The development of the otolaryngology department was successful through institutional, local, national, and international collaboration, with a long-term goal of sustainability. An established department can train the next generation of surgeons for the preservation and growth of the surgical workforce. Once the department approaches independence, the role of outside collaboration transforms primarily from financial to a bi-directional partnership encompassing education, training, and leadership.


Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type—Case Report of 2 Cases
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 


Predictive Factors for Perinatal Outcomes of Infants Diagnosed With Micrognathia Antenatally
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
Introduction:Advances in fetal imaging have allowed us to identify abnormalities previously not appreciated. With this study, we hope to identify factors predicting a difficult airway at birth and review the perinatal outcomes of these patients.Methods:Sixteen patients with antenatally diagnosed micrognathia were reviewed from a tertiary care hospital database from 2011 to 2016. Jaw index (JI), amniotic fluid index (AFI), glossoptosis, gastric size, and oropharynx obliteration were assessed. The airway support required at birth, specialist team involvement, and outcomes were evaluated.Results:Nine (56.3%) of 16 patients had JI <5th percentile, 3 (33.3%) of 9 had difficult intubation, 2 (22.2%) of 9 needed an emergency tracheostomy, and 1 (11.1%) of 9 died. Seven patients had polyhydramnios, 2 (28.6%) of 7 had difficult intubation, 2 (28.6%) of 7 required tracheostomy, and 1 (14.3%) of 7 died. Twelve patients had either JI <5th percentile or abnormal AFI, 5 (41.7%) of 12 had difficult intubation, 2 (16.7%) of 12 required tracheostomy, and 1 (8.33%) of 12 died. For the group without otolaryngology consultation, 8 (50%) of 16, 1 (12.5%) of 8 had difficult intubation and 1 (12.5%) of 8 died because airway was not secured after 45 minutes of resuscitation.Conclusion:Jaw index <5th percentile or abnormal AFI predicts a difficult airway. A multidisciplinary approach with otolaryngology involvement for airway intervention may be required at birth.


Expression Profile of Survivin and p16 in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Contribution of Tunisian Patients
Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, Ahead of Print. 
The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of survivin and p16 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in order to analyze their pathogenesis and prognostic significance in Tunisian patients. A total of 70 patients with LSCC collected at the Salah Azaiez Cancer Institute of Tunis were retrospectively evaluated. Expression of survivin and p16 was examined using immunohistochemistry, and the correlations with clinicopathological parameters, overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were statistically evaluated. The positive expression of survivin and p16 were found in 58.6% and 51.43% of LSCC cases, respectively. The p16 expression was not associated with either clinical parameters or patient survival, whereas there was a strong correlation of survivin expression and lymph node metastases (P = .002), alcohol consumption (P = .024), and therapeutic protocol (with or without chemotherapy; P = .001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients with LSCC having positive survivin expression have shorter OS (P = .026) and shorter DFS (P = .01) than those with negative expression. Positive survivin expression was also correlated with high recurrence rate (P = .014). Therefore, survivin is a poor prognostic marker for LSCC but the therapeutic protocol remains, in multivariate study, the most decisive for the OS and DFS of our patients with P < .01. Our data indicated that, in Tunisian laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, survivin expression is associated with unfavorable outcomes and represents a predictor marker of recurrence and chemoresistance. However, p16 expression has no prognosis value.


Alexandros Sfakianakis
Anapafseos 5 . Agios Nikolaos
Crete.Greece.72100
2841026182
6948891480

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