Eligibility for endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) depends, amongst other factors, on CT- or MR-based scores. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score based on diffusion weighted imaging (MR-ASPECT) in the assessment of brain damage pre-EVT, patient selection for EVT and outcome.
Materials and methods
We included in this study patients with National Institute of Health stroke score (NIHSS) at admission ≥ 8, MR-ASPECT ≥ 5 and anterior AIS, who were treated with EVT in our hospital. All patients were clinically evaluated at admission, post-EVT, discharge and at 3-month follow-up. We used MR-ASPECT to establish infarct core extension at admission. We evaluated ASPECT score at admission (CT-ASPECT-IN), 24 h after EVT and at discharge, NIHSS, modified Ranking Scale (mRS), Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction scale (TICI), onset-to-intervention-delay (OTID) and Collateral Circulation Score (CCS).
68 patients (mean age 78 ± 11.9 years) were included in this study. 54.4 and 64.7% of patients had strong clinical improvement after 24 h from EVT and at discharge, respectively. NIHSS evaluated 24 h after EVT correlated with CCS, TICI and OTID. We observed a favourable outcome (mRS 0–2) in 52.9% of patients at 3-month follow-up. MR-ASPECT score correlated with post-EVT outcome better than CT-ASPECT-IN scores.
MR-ASPECT score based on diffusion weighted imaging is useful for the selection of patients with AIS that can have a favourable outcome from EVT. A prompt EVT has huge impact on patient outcome.
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