Σάββατο, 25 Νοεμβρίου 2017

Serum biochemical values of some species of apparently healthy free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria

Abstract

The research was carried out to establish baseline serum biochemical parameters for some species of apparently healthy free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria. A total of 133 free-living wild birds, belonging to seven species, comprising 20 each of Poicephalus senegalus (Senegal Parrot), Psittacula krameri (Rose-Ringed Parakeet), Streptopelia senegalensis (Laughing Dove), Treron waalia (Bruce’s Green Pigeon), 19 Columba guinea (Speckled Pigeons), 16 Streptopelia decipiens (Mourning Collar-Doves) and 18 Bubulcus ibis (Cattle Egrets) were used. The Audiocomb serum auto-analyser was used for the analyses. The highest mean glucose (154.70 ± 5.72 mg/dl), creatinine (0.49 ± 0.02 mg/dl) and urea (5.53 ± 0.28 mg/dl) concentrations were obtained from the apparently healthy Mourning Collar Dove, Bruce Green Pigeon and Speckled Pigeon, respectively. Except for mean serum calcium concentration of 2.64 ± 0.05 mg/dl which was highest in the apparently healthy Cattle Egret, the glucose (139.20 ± 4.64 mg/dl), urea (4.24 ± 0.15 mg/dl), total protein (6.65 ± 0.10 g/dl) and albumin (3.77 ± 0.10 g/dl) concentrations were lowest in this species of bird. The mean total protein concentration of 6.93 ± 0.10 g/dl and globulin concentration of 2.97 ± 0.04 g/dl were highest in the apparently healthy Laughing Dove. The apparently healthy Rose-Ringed Parakeet had the highest mean phosphorus concentration of 1.05 ± 0.03 mg/dl and lowest mean globulin fraction of 2.89 ± 0.05 g/dl. The range values for urea (4.40–7.20 mg/dl), calcium (2.53–3.01 mg/dl) and phosphorus (0.87–1.96 mg/dl) were obtained from the Speckled Pigeon, while the Mourning Collar-Dove had range value of 139–202 mg/dl for glucose concentration. In conclusion, there were interspecies variations in biochemical parameters of free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria.



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