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! # Ola via Alexandros G.Sfakianakis on Inoreader

Πέμπτη, 22 Ιουνίου 2017

Dopaminergic Therapies for Non-motor Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease

Abstract

Apart from the typical motor symptoms, Parkinson's disease is characterized by a wide range of different non-motor symptoms, which are highly prevalent in all stages of the disease and have an incisive influence on quality of life. Moreover, their treatment continues to be challenging. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence for the impact of dopaminergic therapies on non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. We performed a PubMed search to identify relevant clinical studies that investigated the response of non-motor symptoms to dopaminergic therapy. In the domain of neuropsychiatric disturbances, there is increasing evidence that dopamine agonists can ameliorate depression or anxiety. Other neuropsychiatric symptoms such as psychosis or impulse control disorders can also be worsened or even be induced by dopaminergic agents. For the treatment of sleep disturbances, it is essential to identify different subtypes of sleep pathologies. While there is for example profound evidence for the effectiveness of dopaminergic medication for the treatment of restless legs syndrome and sleep fragmentation, evidence for an improvement of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is lacking. With regard to the broad spectrum of autonomic disturbances, response to dopaminergic treatment seems to differ largely, with on the one hand, some evidence for an improvement of sexual function or sweating with dopaminergic treatment, while on the other hand, constipation can be worsened. Finally, the analysis of sensory deficits reveals that some forms of pain, in particular fluctuation-dependent dystonic pain, can be well addressed by adapting the dopaminergic therapy, while no effect has been seen so far for hyposmia or visual deficits. Moreover, the occurrence of non-motor fluctuations is gaining increased attention, as they can be specifically addressed by a more continuous dopaminergic intake. Taken together, there is evidence of a good response of some (but not all) non-motor symptoms to dopaminergic therapy, which must be individually adapted to the special spectrum of symptoms.



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