JH Torres-Jasso, AR Bustos-Carpinteyro, JR Garcia-Gonzalez, J Peregrina-Sandoval, JA Cruz-Ramos, E Santiago-Luna, JY Sanchez-Lopez
Indian Journal of Cancer 2016 53(3):345-348
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is the third worldwide leading cause of cancer-related death affecting both sexes. The aberrant expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene has been detected in many human epithelial malignancies and linked to advanced disease, more aggressive phenotype, and poor prognosis. AIMS: To analyze the relation that the expression of EGFR in gastric tumors holds with pathological characteristics and with the germline polymorphisms −216 G>T, −191 C>A, (CA) n IVS1, and R521K. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 22 biopsies from gastric tumors obtained by endoscopy. EGFR expression was determined by relative quantification real-time polymerase chain reaction with the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase reference gene (as for messenger RNA [mRNA]) and by immunohistochemistry (IHC) (as for protein). EGFR germline polymorphisms were analyzed by sequencing, GeneScan, and restriction fragment length polymorphisms. RESULTS: EGFR mRNA expression was increased (>2-fold) in 13.6% of GC cases, decreased (<0.5-fold) in 68.2%, and normal in 18.2%; overexpression was related to well-differentiated gastric tumors, whereas underexpression was linked to moderate or poorly differentiated gastric tumors (P < 0.001). EGFR protein expression was high (IHC 2+ and 3+) in 29.4% of gastric tumors and was normal or low (score 0 to 1+) in 70.6% cases. EGFR expression, in both mRNA and protein, was not related to any EGFR polymorphism (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Most gastric tumors showed low EGFR expression (mRNA and protein), whereas EGFR overexpression was related to well-differentiated gastric tumors. Furthermore, germinal polymorphisms −216, −191, (CA) n IVS1, and R521K were not related to EGFR expression (mRNA or protein).
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