BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
Aneurysm volume pulsation is a potential predictor of intracranial aneurysm rupture. We evaluated whether 7T MR imaging can quantify aneurysm volume pulsation.MATERIALS AND METHODS:
In Stage I of the study, 10 unruptured aneurysms in 9 patients were studied using a high-resolution (0.6-mm, isotropic) 3D gradient-echo sequence with cardiac gating. Semiautomatic segmentation was used to measure aneurysm volume (in cubic millimeters) per cardiac phase. Aneurysm pulsation was defined as the relative increase in volume between the phase with the smallest volume and the phase with the largest volume. The accuracy and precision of the measured volume pulsations were addressed by digital phantom simulations and a repeat image analysis. In Stage II, the imaging protocol was optimized and 9 patients with 9 aneurysms were studied with and without administration of a contrast agent.RESULTS:
The mean aneurysm pulsation in Stage I was 8% ± 7% (range, 2%–27%), with a mean volume change of 15 ± 14 mm3 (range, 3–51 mm3). The mean difference in volume change for the repeat image analysis was 2 ± 6 mm3. The artifactual volume pulsations measured with the digital phantom simulations were of the same magnitude as the volume pulsations observed in the patient data, even after protocol optimization in Stage II.CONCLUSIONS:
Volume pulsation quantification with the current imaging protocol on 7T MR imaging is not accurate due to multiple imaging artifacts. Future studies should always include aneurysm-specific accuracy analysis.
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