Publication date: Available online 6 February 2018
Author(s): Jeffrey P. Guenette, Stacy E. Smith
ObjectiveWe aimed to identify job resources and job demands associated with measures of personal accomplishment (PA) in radiology residents in the United States.Materials and MethodsA 34-item online survey was administered between May and June 2017 to U.S. radiology residents and included the 8 Likert-type PA questions from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, 19 visual analog scale job demands-resources questions, and 7 demographic questions. Multiple linear regression was calculated to predict PA based on job demands-resources. Effects of binomial demographic factors on PA scores were compared with independent-samples t tests. Effects of categorical demographic factors on PA scores were compared with one-way between-subjects analysis of variance tests. A linear regression was calculated to evaluate the relationship of age on PA scores.Results"The skills and knowledge that I am building are important and helpful to society" (P = 2 × 10−16), "I have good social support from my co-residents" (P = 4 × 10−5), and "I regularly receive adequate constructive feedback" (P = 4 × 10−6) all positively correlated with PA. PA scores were significantly lower for individuals who were single vs those married or partnered (P = .01).ConclusionsRadiology residents score higher in the PA domain of burnout when they receive adequate constructive feedback, have good co-resident social support, and feel that the skills and knowledge they are building are important to society. Improving constructive feedback mechanisms, enabling resident-only social time, and supporting opportunities that reinforce the importance of their contributions may therefore improve radiology residents' sense of PA.
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