Πέμπτη, 21 Δεκεμβρίου 2017

Science to Practice: Can Functional MR Imaging Be Useful in the Evaluation of Cardiorenal Syndrome?

Science to Practice: Can Functional MR Imaging Be Useful in the Evaluation of Cardiorenal Syndrome?

Radiology. 2018 Jan;286(1):1-3

Authors: Pursnani A, Prasad PV

Abstract
Functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the kidneys has gained interest recently, especially in the detection of early changes in acute kidney injury or to predict progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The application of these methods to cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is novel. CRS is widely accepted as a complex clinical problem routinely faced by clinicians. In this issue, Chang et al ( 1 ) present their preliminary experience applying blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MR imaging to the kidneys in mice with experimental myocardial infarction. They showed that R2* in the kidney increases after induced myocardial infarction and that the response was higher in animals with larger infarcts and over time. The authors also for the first time correlated the BOLD MR imaging findings against hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression, an independent marker of renal hypoxia. In addition, they showed evidence for renal injury by using a kidney injury marker, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1). The results of their study support the use of renal BOLD MR imaging in subjects with heart failure, in whom the risk of subsequent renal ischemia and/or hypoxia is known to exist. These results, along with those of other recent reports ( 2 ), suggest that functional imaging methods could play a key role in evaluating changes in both the primary and secondary organs involved in complex disease processes such as CRS. Availability of such methods could facilitate translation to the clinic and improve the mechanistic understanding of the complicated and interrelated pathophysiology.

PMID: 29261470 [PubMed - in process]



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