Previous adult studies have demonstrated associations of serum glypican 4 (Gpc4) and obesity parameters and insulin sensitivity. However, an association of serum Gpc4 and glucose metabolism remains contradictory. Study of serum Gpc4 in obese children has not been conducted. We aimed to determine serum Gpc4 levels in obese children with various degrees of obesity.
Design, Patients and Measurements
Up to 370 overweight and obese children, aged 6–18 years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed with fasting serum Gpc4, lipid profiles, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) measured. Insulin sensitivity and β-cell function indices were calculated from plasma glucose and serum insulin levels derived from the OGTT. Bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed for body fat determination. Comparisons of serum Gpc4 levels among the groups of children with various degrees of obesity were performed.
Serum Gpc4 levels progressively increased in children with increasing body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS) tertiles [median (interquartile range, IQR): 2.3 (1.8, 3.2), 2.6 (1.9, 3.4) and 3.2 (2.4, 3.8) μg/L, P <0.001]. There were no differences in serum Gpc4 levels among children in the different glucose metabolism categories. Log serum Gpc4 levels were positively correlated with SDSs of weight and BMI, cholesterol, AST and ALT. No associations of log serum Gpc4 and insulin sensitivity and β-cell function indices were demonstrated.
Serum Gpc4 levels were increased with increasing degrees of obesity. There were no differences in serum Gpc4 levels among glucose metabolism categories.
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