The efficiency of cloning and the content of multipotent stromal cells (MSC) in the femoral bone marrow of intact CBA mice was 1.5 times less in old mice (24-36 months) than in young ones (2-3 months). The concentration of osteogenic MSC was higher in old vs. young mice (42±3 vs. 22±2%, respectively). Changes in the total counts of MSC and concentrations of osteogenic MSC in response to osteogenic (curettage, BMP-2) and immunogenic stimuli (S. typhimurium antigenic complex) were similar in young and old mice in comparison with intact controls of respective age. The counts of the total pool of bone marrow MSC and pool of osteogenic MSC in response to osteogenic stimuli were 1.5-2 times less in old vs. young mice. This difference seemed to be a result of age-specific decrease of their bone marrow count but not of age-specific decrease of the MSC functional activity, this leading to a decrease in the transplantability of bone marrow stromal tissue of old mice. Comparison of transplantations “old donor — young recipient” vs. “young donor — young recipient” demonstrated a decrease in the count of nuclear cells (1.8 times), size of bone capsule (2-fold), efficiency of MSC cloning (1.6 times), count of MSC per transplant (2.9 times), and count of osteogenic MSC per transplant (3.3 times). The concentrations of osteogenic MSC in transplants from young and old donors leveled in young recipients, that is, seemed to be regulated by the host. Serum concentrations of IL-10 and TNF-α in intact old mice were at least 2.9 and 2 times higher than in young animals, while the concentrations of almost all the rest studied cytokines (IL-2, IL-5, GM-CSF, IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-12) were lower. Presumably, the decrease in the content of bone marrow MSC and in transplantability of bone marrow stromal tissue in old mice were caused by exhaustion of the MSC pool as a result of age-specific chronic inflammation. These data indicated a close relationship between age-specific changes in the stromal tissue and immune system.
from #AlexandrosSfakianakis via Alexandros G.Sfakianakis on Inoreader http://ift.tt/2v2qwAY