Παρασκευή, 4 Μαρτίου 2016

YAP Induces Human Naive Pluripotency

Publication date: Available online 3 March 2016
Source:Cell Reports
Author(s): Han Qin, Miroslav Hejna, Yanxia Liu, Michelle Percharde, Mark Wossidlo, Laure Blouin, Jens Durruthy-Durruthy, Priscilla Wong, Zhongxia Qi, Jingwei Yu, Lei S. Qi, Vittorio Sebastiano, Jun S. Song, Miguel Ramalho-Santos
The human naive pluripotent stem cell (PSC) state, corresponding to a pre-implantation stage of development, has been difficult to capture and sustain in vitro. We report that the Hippo pathway effector YAP is nuclearly localized in the inner cell mass of human blastocysts. Overexpression of YAP in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced PSCs (iPSCs) promotes the generation of naive PSCs. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) can partially substitute for YAP to generate transgene-free human naive PSCs. YAP- or LPA-induced naive PSCs have a rapid clonal growth rate, a normal karyotype, the ability to form teratomas, transcriptional similarities to human pre-implantation embryos, reduced heterochromatin levels, and other hallmarks of the naive state. YAP/LPA act in part by suppressing differentiation-inducing effects of GSK3 inhibition. CRISPR/Cas9-generated YAP−/− cells have an impaired ability to form colonies in naive but not primed conditions. These results uncover an unexpected role for YAP in the human naive state, with implications for early human embryology.

Graphical abstract

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Teaser

Qin et al. find that the Hippo pathway effector YAP induces and sustains the naive state of human pluripotency, which corresponds to preimplantation cells. Lysophosphatidic acid, a small molecule that activates YAP, has a similar effect, opening up opportunities for studies of human embryology and disease modeling.


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